FDA EO GRAS List

[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 26, Volume 6, Parts 500 to 599]
[Revised as of April 1, 1998]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR582.20]

[Page 485-487]

TITLE 21–FOOD AND DRUGS

CHAPTER I–FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES–(Continued)

PART 582–SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE–Table of Contents

Subpart A–General Provisions

Sec. 582.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).

Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives
(including distillates) that are generally recognized as safe for their
intended use, within the meaning of section 409 of the act, are as
follows:

————————————————————————
Common name Botanical name of plant source
————————————————————————
Alfalfa………………………….. Medicago sativa L.
Allspice…………………………. Pimenta officinalis Lindl.
Almond, bitter (free from prussic acid) Prunus amygdalus Batsch, Prunus
armeniaca L. or Prunus persica
(L.) Batsch.
Ambrette (seed)…………………… Hibiscus moschatus Moench.
Angelica root…………………….. Angelica archangelica L.
Angelica seed…………………….. Do.
Angelica stem…………………….. Do.
Angostura (cusparia bark)………….. Galipea officinalis Hancock.
Anise……………………………. Pimpinella anisum L.
Asafetida………………………… Ferula assa-foetida L. and
related spp. of Ferula.
Balm (lemon balm)…………………. Melissa officinalis L.
Balsam of Peru……………………. Myroxylon pereirae Klotzsch.
Basil……………………………. Ocimum basilicum L.
Bay leaves……………………….. Laurus nobilis L.
Bay (myrcia oil)………………….. Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) J. W.
Moore.
Bergamot (bergamot orange)…………. Citrus aurantium L. subsp.
bergamia Wright et Arn.
Bitter almond (free from prussic acid). Prunus amygdalus Batsch, Prunus
armeniaca L., or Prunus
persica (L.) Batsch.
Bois de rose……………………… Aniba rosaeodora Ducke.
Cacao……………………………. Theobroma cacao L.
Camomile (chamomile) flowers, Hungarian Matricaria chamomilla L.
Camomile (chamomile) flowers, Roman or Anthemis nobilis L.
English.
Cananga………………………….. Cananga odorata Hook. f. and
Thoms.
Capsicum…………………………. Capsicum frutescens L. and
Capsicum annuum L.
Caraway………………………….. Carum carvi L.
Cardamom seed (cardamon)…………… Elettaria cardamomum Maton.
Carob bean……………………….. Ceratonia siliqua L.
Carrot…………………………… Daucus carota L.
Cascarilla bark…………………… Croton eluteria Benn.
Cassia bark, Chinese………………. Cinnamomum cassia Blume.
Cassia bark, Padang or Batavia……… Cinnamomum burmanni Blume.
Cassia bark, Saigon……………….. Cinnamomum loureirii Nees.
Celery seed………………………. Apium graveolens L.
Cherry, wild, bark………………… Prunus serotina Ehrh.
Chervil………………………….. Anthriscus cerefolium (L.)
Hoffm.
Chicory………………………….. Cichorium intybus L.
Cinnamon bark, Ceylon……………… Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees.
Cinnamon bark, Chinese…………….. Cinnamomum cassia Blume.
Cinnamon bark, Saigon……………… Cinnamomum loureirii Nees.

[[Page 486]]

Cinnamon leaf, Ceylon……………… Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees.
Cinnamon leaf, Chinese…………….. Cinnamomum cassia Blume.
Cinnamon leaf, Saigon……………… Cinnamomum loureirii Nees.
Citronella……………………….. Cymbopogon nardus Rendle.
Citrus peels……………………… Citrus spp.
Clary (clary sage)………………… Salvia sclarea L.
Clove bud………………………… Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb.
Clove leaf……………………….. Do.
Clove stem……………………….. Do.
Clover…………………………… Trifolium spp.
Coca (decocainized)……………….. Erythroxylum coca Lam. and
other spp. of Erythroxylum.
Coffee…………………………… Coffea spp.
Cola nut…………………………. Cola acuminata Schott and
Endl., and other spp. of Cola.
Coriander………………………… Coriandrum sativum L.
Corn silk………………………… Zea mays L.
Cumin (cummin)……………………. Cuminum cyminum L.
Curacao orange peel (orange, bitter Citrus aurantium L.
peel).
Cusparia bark…………………….. Galipea officinalis Hancock.
Dandelion………………………… Taraxacum officinale Weber and
T. laevigatum DC.
Dandelion root……………………. Do.
Dill…………………………….. Anethum graveolens L.
Dog grass (quackgrass, triticum)……. Agropyron repens (L.) Beauv.
Elder flowers…………………….. Sambucus canadensis L. and S.
nigra L.
Estragole (esdragol, esdragon, Artemisia dracunculus L.
tarragon).
Estragon (tarragon)……………….. Do.
Fennel, sweet…………………….. Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
Fenugreek………………………… Trigonella foenum-graecum L.
Galanga (galangal)………………… Alpinia officinarum Hance.
Garlic…………………………… Allium sativum L.
Geranium…………………………. Pelargonium spp.
Geranium, East Indian……………… Cymbopogon martini Stapf.
Geranium, rose……………………. Pelargonium graveolens L’Her.
Ginger…………………………… Zingiber officinale Rosc.
Glycyrrhiza………………………. Glycyrrhiza glabra L. and other
spp. of Glycyrrhiza.
Glycyrrhizin, ammoniated…………… Do.
Grapefruit……………………….. Citrus paradisi Macf.
Guava……………………………. Psidium spp.
Hickory bark……………………… Carya spp.
Horehound (hoarhound)……………… Marrubium vulgare L.
Hops…………………………….. Humulus lupulus L.
Horsemint………………………… Monarda punctata L.
Hyssop…………………………… Hyssopus officinalis L.
Immortelle……………………….. Helichrysum augustifolium DC.
Jasmine………………………….. Jaminum officinale L. and other
spp. of Jasminum.
Juniper (berries)…………………. Juniperus communis L.
Kola nut…………………………. Cola acuminata Schott and
Endl., and other spp. of Cola.
Laurel berries……………………. Laurus nobilis L.
Laurel leaves…………………….. Laurus spp.
Lavender…………………………. Lavandula officinalis Chaix.
Lavender, spike…………………… Lavandula latifolia Vill.
Lavandin…………………………. Hybrids between Lavandula
officinalis Chaix and
Lavandula latifolin Vill.
Lemon……………………………. Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Lemon balm (see balm).
Lemon grass………………………. Cymbopogon citratus DC. and
Cymbopogon flexuosus Stapf.
Lemon peel……………………….. Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Licorice…………………………. Glycyrrhiza glabra L. and other
spp. of Glycyrrhiza.
Lime…………………………….. Citrus aurantifolia Swingle.
Linden flowers……………………. Tilia spp.
Locust bean………………………. Ceratonia siliqua L.
Lupulin………………………….. Humulus lupulus L.
Mace…………………………….. Myristica fragrans Houtt.
Malt (extract)……………………. Hordeum vulgare L., or other
grains.
Mandarin…………………………. Citrus reticulata Blanco.
Marjoram, sweet…………………… Majorana hortensis Moench.
Mate 1…………………………… Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil.
Melissa (see balm).
Menthol………………………….. Mentha spp.
Menthyl acetate…………………… Do.
Molasses (extract)………………… Saccharum officinarum L.
Mustard………………………….. Brassica spp.
Naringin…………………………. Citrus paradisi Macf.
Neroli, bigarade………………….. Citrus aurantium L.
Nutmeg…………………………… Myristica fragrans Houtt.

[[Page 487]]

Onion……………………………. Allium cepa L.
Orange, bitter, flowers……………. Citrus aurantium L.
Orange, bitter, peel………………. Do.
Orange leaf………………………. Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck.
Orange, sweet…………………….. Do.
Orange, sweet, flowers…………….. Do.
Orange, sweet, peel……………….. Do.
Origanum…………………………. Origanum spp.
Palmarosa………………………… Cymbopogon martini Stapf.
Paprika………………………….. Capsicum annuum L.
Parsley………………………….. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.)
Mansf.
Pepper, black…………………….. Piper nigrum L.
Pepper, white…………………….. Piper nigrum L.
Peppermint……………………….. Mentha piperita L.
Peruvian balsam…………………… Myroxylon pereirae Klotzsch.
Petitgrain……………………….. Citrus aurantium L.
Petitgrain lemon………………….. Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Petitgrain mandarin or tangerine……. Citrus reticulata Blanco.
Pimenta………………………….. Pimenta officinalis Lindl.
Pimenta leaf……………………… Primenta officinalis Lindl.
Pipsissewa leaves…………………. Chimaphila umbellata Nutt.
Pomegranate………………………. Punica granatum L.
Prickly ash bark………………….. Xanthoxylum (or Zanthoxylum)
Americanum Mill. or
Xanthoxylum clava-herculis L.
Rose absolute…………………….. Rosa alba L., Rosa centifolia
L., Rosa damascena Mill., Rosa
gallica L., and vars. of these
spp.
Rose (otto of roses, attar of roses)… Do.
Rose buds………………………… Do.
Rose flowers……………………… Do.
Rose fruit (hips)…………………. Do.
Rose geranium…………………….. Pelargonium graveolens L’Her.
Rose leaves………………………. Rosa spp.
Rosemary…………………………. Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Rue……………………………… Ruta graveolens L.
Saffron………………………….. Crocus sativus L.
Sage…………………………….. Salvia officinalis L.
Sage, Greek………………………. Salvia triloba L.
Sage, Spanish…………………….. Salvia lavandulaefolia Vahl.
St. John’s bread………………….. Ceratonia siliqua L.
Savory, summer……………………. Satureia hortensis L.
Savory, winter……………………. Satureia montana L.
Schinus molle…………………….. Schinus molle L.
Sloe berries (blackthorn berries)…… Prunus spinosa L.
Spearmint………………………… Mentha spicata L.
Spike lavender……………………. Lavandula latifolia Vill.
Tamarind…………………………. Tamarindus indica L.
Tangerine………………………… Citrus reticulata Blanco.
Tannic acid………………………. Nutgalls of Quercus infectoria
Oliver and related spp. of
Quercus. Also in many other
plants.
Tarragon…………………………. Artemisia dracunculus L.
Tea……………………………… Thea sinensis L.
Thyme……………………………. Thymus vulgaris L. and Thymus
zygis var. gracilis Boiss.
Thyme, white……………………… Do.
Thyme, wild or creeping……………. Thymus serpyllum L.
Triticum (see dog grass).
Tuberose…………………………. Polianthes tuberosa L.
Turmeric…………………………. Curcuma longa L.
Vanilla………………………….. Vanilla planifolia Andr. or
Vanilla tahitensis J. W.
Moore.
Violet flowers……………………. Viola odorata L.
Violet leaves…………………….. Do.
Violet leaves absolute…………….. Do.
Wild cherry bark………………….. Prunus serotina Ehrh.
Ylang-ylang………………………. Cananga odorata Hook. f. and
Thoms.
Zedoary bark……………………… Curcuma zedoaria Rosc.
————————————————————————

[[Page 488]]

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